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What test should be performed on abrasive wheels quizlet?

What test should be performed on abrasive wheels?

What test should be performed on abrasive wheels quizlet? Why must abrasive grinding wheels be inspected? There are various grinder wheel types. This article lists the following grinding wheel test item standards and testing methods based on the inspection before the product is put into storage and the quality inspection before use.

What test should be performed on abrasive wheels quizlet;grinding wheels

First, the quality test should be performed on the finished abrasive wheels quizlet

The quality technical standards of abrasive tools are the main basis for product quality inspection.The inspection items of ordinary abrasive wheels check include the following seven items: basic dimensions, row tolerances, appearance defects, hardness, static balance, rotation strength, organization number and performing the grinding wheel ring test.

Among them, hardness, static balance, slewing strength, and organization number are four items that directly determine the intrinsic properties of the abrasive wheels, such as safety and serviceability. You may see a code on grinding discs. Therefore, these items are often referred to as the abrasive wheels internal quality test. The organization number is not checked under normal circumstances, but when the user raises an objection, it shall be determined according to national standards.

1. Outer diameter limit deviation:

Unit: mm

Outside diameter Dlimit deviation
General grinding wheelCylindrical grinding wheel

2.Thickness limit deviation:

Unit: mm

Thickness TGeneral grinding wheelThickness TGrinding bearing grinding wheel and grinding wheel grinding wheel
>16~120±1.5>16~40 +1.0-0.5

3. Aperture limit deviation:

Unit: mm

Aperture Hlimit deviation
Note:1. A is suitable for grinding wheels installed on a grinding machine for grinding;2.B is suitable for the grinding wheel installed on the grinding machine for grinding and cutting;3, C is suitable for heavy-duty steel billet grinding wheels.

4. The limit deviation of grinding wheel groove diameter P, groove depth F, G, bottom thickness E, ring end surface width W, and circumferential surface thickness U:

Unit: mm

Groove diameter Plimit deviation

Unit: mm

Groove depth F or Glimit deviation
Note:1. A is suitable for double-sided concave No. 2 grinding wheel (grinding gauge grinding wheel);2. B is suitable for other grinding wheels.

Unit: mm

Base thickness E, ring width W, circumferential surface thickness Ulimit deviation
Note:1.a is suitable for cup, bowl, dish and double-sided concave No. 2 grinding wheel (grinding gauge grinding wheel);2.b is suitable for cylindrical grinding wheels;3, c is suitable for cups, bowls and saucers;4, d is suitable for single bevel, double bevel and dish-shaped wheels;5. e is suitable for single-sided convex grinding wheels.

5. Tolerance of end face circle and radial circle runout of cup, bowl and dish-shaped grinding wheel for tool grinding:

Unit: mm

Foreign Economy DRound runout tolerance
End faceRadial

6. Parallelism tolerance and coaxiality tolerance of both ends of the grinding wheel:

Unit: mm

Outside diameter DParallelism tolerance on both endsCoaxiality tolerance
Note:1. A is suitable for centerless grinding, profile grinding, grinding tooth surface, grinding thread, grinding groove, grinding crankshaft, grinding bearing channel and grinding wheel with maximum linear speed greater than 50m / s;2. B is suitable for general grinding wheels.

7. Flatness and roundness:

Unit: mm


8. Cylindricity:

Unit: mm

Thickness TCylindricity

9. Ring test should be performed on grinding wheels

Ring testing is one way of inspecting grinding wheels. This type of grinding wheel inspection is required by OSHA, ANSI, and the grinding wheels manufacturers. How to perform a ring test on grinding wheel? It must be completed prior to mounting the wheel on a grinding machine. Ring testing uses the dampening qualities of a damaged wheel to change the sound made when the wheel is softly tapped. It is open to interpretation by the inspector and applies mostly to vitrified bonded wheels. To perform the grinding wheel ring test, tap the wheels lightly with a light nonmetallic object, such as the screw driver handle for light wheels or a wooden mallet for heavy wheels.

abrasive wheel ring test

10. Appearance inspection test of the abrasive wheels quizlet should be performed:

For example, it should be uniform in grinding wheel color chart, without cracks, black hearts, surface grinder wheel and dumb sounds.

11. Static balance test:

Grinding wheels with an outer diameter D≥125mm and a working linear velocity V≥16m / s should be subjected to a static balance test. The cylindrical, cup, and bowl-shaped wheels, and the centerless grinding wheel are not subjected to a static balance test.

12. Rotation inspection:

Grinding wheels with an outer diameter D≥150mm; and a working linear velocity V≥50m / s and an outer diameter D≥100mm shall be subject to rotation inspection. Cylindrical grinding wheels, pin grinding wheels and centerless grinding guide wheels are not subject to rotation inspection.

Second,deviation and measurement method of basic dimensions of grinding wheel

The measurement of the basic size of the grinding wheel should be based on the accuracy requirements of the allowable limit deviation specified by different grinding wheels and different sizes, and inspection tools with different accuracy should be selected. The general inspection tools used in grinding wheel size inspection are steel rulers, vernier calipers, etc. Besides, dedicated inspections have plug gauges, card gauges, samples, etc. For special-shaped products, there are often special templates to check their external dimensions.

1.Grinding wheel outer diameter measurement and size effect

When the requirements are not high, the steel ruler and tape measure are used. If the measurement is at the maximum limit and the minimum limit, the vernier caliper can be used with the steel ruler to measure. The size of the outer diameter generally has little effect on the use, but it is a key dimension for special products. For example, the size of the grinding wheel with a machine tool cover cannot be installed, and the small size can easily affect the number of processed parts. The inconsistent size will cause great inconvenience to trim.

2.Measurement of wheel thickness and size

Generally use a steel ruler to measure. If the measurement is at the maximum and minimum limits, you can use a vernier caliper with a steel ruler. As the bearing industry has stricter requirements on thickness, vernier calipers or micrometers are used for measuring wheel thickness and oil stone width. The effect of thickness size is generally not large, but for forming grinding, the thickness requirements are quite strict.Binic manufacture grinding stone wheel.

3.Abrasive wheels aperture measurement

Grinding wheel aperture size accuracy requirements are more stringent. When measuring, a more precise special measuring tool-limit gauge is used. The through end and end of the limit gauge are used to control the upper and lower deviations of the aperture. The effect of the hole is quite large, while it is too small to install; if it is too large, it is difficult to align the center during installation, and it is easy to cause eccentricity and unbalance of the angle grinder wheels. Under high-speed rotation, the radial runout will be intensified and the grinding wheel will break.

Final Thoughts

This article has introduced what test should be performed on abrasive wheels.  In summary, if you have more questions about grinding wheels test, feel free to contact with Binictools- grinding wheels manufacturer.

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